Satellites + Radar (SAR) images + TRE ALTAMIRA’s advanced processing algorithms
We work with clients to develop solutions tailored to their reservoir monitoring and management needs.

TRE ALTAMIRA provides precise measurements of ground displacement over producing reservoirs to optimize field operations, to calibrate geo-mechanical models and to monitor subsidence or uplift and their possible effects on surface facilities. Deformation rates from millimetres to centimetres are measured with high resolution radar images collected by satellites, eliminating the need for the installation of additional ground-based equipment.

The information can be easily displayed and analyzed on our visualization platforms, TREmaps™, WebGIS and 3D VIEWER.

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Explore our satellite monitoring solutions for:

Oil and gas production

SqueeSAR™ measures ground response to oil and gas extraction, including heavy oil operations.

reservoir recovery optimization
fracture and fault systems
reservoir model calibration
caprock integrity surveillance
hse regulatory compliance

Rapid satellite image acquisition and fast delivery of results allow satellite monitoring to be part of operational plans. In particular, our displacement maps can highlight rapid changes in motion rates over large areas correlating with the activation of fault and fracture systems. This information can be integrated into reservoir models and used to assist in optimizing recovery.

For heavy oil operations (e.g. Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, SAGD, Cyclic Steam Stimulation, CSS, and other high pressure techniques), SqueeSAR™ provides information on the location and spatial extent of surface displacement, which is used by operators to analyse steam chamber expansion and caprock integrity, hence contributing to operational decisions on injection activities and production optimization.

Satellite monitoring also increases safety by showing the evolution of displacement around injection and production wells. It helps meet regulatory and lease boundary compliances.

Underground Gas Storage

SqueeSAR™ accurately monitors ground uplift and subsidence occurring in response to changes in underground gas storage operations.

environmental monitoring
reservoir model calibration
gas storage optimization (working gas)

Through the regular acquisition of satellite images, SqueeSAR™ provides a detailed map of the surface response to gas storage activities. When coupled with injection and extraction rates, displacement measurements can be used as an input into geomechanical models to estimate reservoir volume and pressure changes over time, ensuring that safe operational limits are maintained and  gas storage strategies optimized.

Increase Working Gas Volume

ITALY: summer injection and winter extraction of gas can produce seasonal surface displacement. In the right graph, the displacement time series obtained with SqueeSAR™ shows a strong correlation with the injected/extracted gas volume. Satellite imagery: RADARSAT, Analysis period: 01/2003 – 01/2010.

Carbon Capture and Storage

SqueeSAR™ provides a long-term monitoring solution for CO2 reservoir integrity.

caprock integrity
plume migration
environmental safety
reservoir model calibration

SqueeSAR™ measurements reveal uplift associated with the geological storage of carbon dioxide. Through a regular acquisition of radar images, site engineers can monitor injection activities to guarantee that reservoir pressure distribution and surface uplift remain within safe operational limits. According to the spatial distribution of ground motion, it is possible to infer how CO2 plume propagation is orientated. Displacement measurements incorporated into subsurface models can also be used to calculate reservoir volume and permeability changes.

Offshore Oil Rigs

Fixed offshore production rigs are clearly visible to satellites and can host many coherent point targets for displacement measurements with SqueeSAR™.

Inter-platform and Intra-platform deformation analysis

In a cluster of offshore platforms, SqueeSAR™ measures the differential displacement among coherent radar targets with respect to one point selected as the reference (REF). Using an additional time history of GPS data, both absolute and differential settlement rates can be provided. Where the number of measurement points identified is high enough, it is also possible to estimate the intra-platform displacement, highlighting a possible tilt or deformation of the platform. Large offshore structures and artificial islands are particularly suitable for this kind of analysis.